Former Polish President and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Lech Walesa was charged with perjury in a case concerning his ties to the security services during his leadership of the opposition trade union Solidarity. We are talking about the testimony that Walesa gave in 2016, after the publication of archival documents, informs Institute of National Remembrance (INP) Poland.
“Lech Walesa showed up today at the summons of the prosecutor. Lech Walesa was accused of giving false testimony, which was supposed to serve as evidence in a criminal trial about forgery of operational documents of the Security Service of 1970-1976 to the detriment of his interests, and was interrogated as a suspect, ” quotes TASS message to INP. Walesa refused to give an explanation and pleaded not guilty.
For perjury, the Polish Criminal Code provides for the punishment of imprisonment for a term of six months to eight years.
Rumors about Walesa’s cooperation with the special services were circulating back in the 1980s. And in 2011, in an interview, he admitted that he had signed a commitment to cooperate with them. “Everyone signed it, so I did that too,” quoted ex-president of DW. But Walesa was, in his words, absolutely convinced that he would not “go over to the other side”.
In 2016, the INP reported that in the documents seized from the widow of the former Polish Interior Minister Czeslaw Kischak, a cooperation agreement signed by Lech Walesa and other documents about his cooperation with the special services as an agent under the pseudonym “Bolek” were found.
Walesa claimed that the published papers were planted at Kischak’s house. According to him, “Bolek’s folder” is a fake fabricated by the communist authorities in order to discredit him at a time of growing popularity of the Solidarity trade union.
Meanwhile, a group of experts examined 158 documents from the personal file of “Bolek” and came to the conclusion that they are genuine. According to their findings, the case contains 17 handwritten receipts for the receipt of money, drawn up by Valenza, as well as 29 memoranda written by him.
The Institute of National Remembrance is a historical and archival institution endowed with the right to investigate cases of the activities of the state security organs of the Nazi and socialist periods. In 2007, the institute received the right to lustration. In 2008, the book of the INP employees Slawomir Centskevich and Piotr Gontarchik “Security Service and Lech Walesa. Supplement to the biography “. The book stated that Lech Walesa in the 1970s, as the leader of Solidarity, was an informant for the Polish security services. This collaboration lasted six years.