In Russia, as a result of the latest inventory, 11 objects of the living world were classified as “probably disappeared”, writes “Kommersant” with reference to the data of the Ministry of Natural Resources.
We are talking, in particular, about the Atlantic sturgeon (the population of the Black Sea basin), the aboriginal population of the Baltic sturgeon, the red-footed ibis (a bird of the southern countries), the black-bellied capercaillie, Yankovsky’s oatmeal, monk seal, kulan (horse family) and Przewalski’s horse.
According to the department, nine species and subspecies of animals have disappeared from the territory of Russia in the last 400 years alone, including the tur (wild bull), the steppe tarpan (an extinct subspecies of the wild steppe horse) and the sea cow.
In total, 443 objects of the animal world and 676 plant species are included in the list of the Red Book of Russia today. Last revised list last March hit another 14 mammals and 29 birds. The total area of specially protected natural areas, including the seas, exceeds 240 million hectares (13% of the country’s area).
The publication notes that “on the brink of complete destruction” some species of animals put “the development of industry, the growth of cities and environmental pollution.” Protection of 13 species of animals, the restoration of which is required in the first place, is provided for by the federal project “Conservation of biological diversity and development of ecological tourism”. How indicated in WWF Russia, by 2030 the authorities plan to develop bills on the conservation of each species of rare and endangered animals.
On August 1, amendments entered into force in Russia, allowing the extraction of Red Book animals for their monitoring, regulation of their number, protection of public health and elimination of threats to humans. To the Ministry of Natural Resources explainedthat it will be possible “in exceptional cases in order to preserve the objects of the animal world” (hunting is not included in this list). At Greenpeace named permission to kill animals listed in the Red Book, legalization of trophy hunting.