Rock climbing was recognized as an Olympic sport in February 2010 and was included in the Tokyo Olympics in August 2016.
As a sport, rock climbing first appeared in the USSR 74 years ago. At the Olympics, it includes two disciplines – men’s and women’s all-around, in total 40 athletes will take part in the competition. All-around includes three types: climbing for difficulty, climbing for speed and bouldering – this is a series of short and very difficult tracks. Athletes are given a break to rest between the runs.
Russian champion Andrei Rubtsov, 10-time world record holder Yulia Kaplina and Russian champion Viktoria Meshkova will take part in the Olympics. The full schedule of the competition can be viewed here.
The application to include surfing in the Olympics was submitted back in 2011, but the decision to include in the Tokyo Games program was made in 2016. Last but not least, this decision was influenced by Japan itself, where surfing is very popular.
As in rock climbing, 40 athletes will perform in surfing – 20 for men and women, who will compete for two sets of awards. As there is no suitable competition environment in Tokyo, surfers will compete on the Pacific coast of Japan. The competition program involves half an hour outings of groups of athletes to the open sea.
Russian surfers did not qualify for the Olympics, but Nikita Avdeev from Yekaterinburg claimed to participate in the Games to the last. The full schedule of the competition can be viewed here.
Skateboarding was included in the list of disciplines at the Tokyo Olympics in 2016 after the IOC agreed with the top skateboarding organizations World Skate and Street League.
The competition takes place at Ariake Urban Sports Park on an artificial island in Tokyo Bay. At the Games, four sets of awards will be played in two disciplines – park and street. Street is tricks on handrails and stairs, park is jumps in ramps and pools.
The best athletes fought for a ticket to the Olympics, of which 80 qualified for the Games, 20 in each discipline. The sets of medals in the street have already been raffled off – the Japanese Yuto Horigome became the winner among men, the representative of Japan Momiji Nishiya also became the best among women.
Russians are not represented in this sport either. The reason is that the best domestic rider Maxim Kruglov, who claimed to be selected for the Olympics, in May 2019, Kruglov refused to take a doping test, for which he was disqualified for four years. The full schedule of the competition can be viewed here.
Baseball and softball
In Tokyo, baseball returned to the Olympics after a break. For the first time, competitions in this sport were held at the Olympic Games in 1904, albeit in an unofficial status. Baseball has been officially included in the program since the 1992 Olympics, when 8 teams competed in the competition. However, at the IOC meeting in July 2005, baseball and softball were stripped of their Olympic status and returned to the list of Olympic disciplines only in 2016.
In Tokyo, baseball has returned to the program in large part because the sport is so popular in Japan. Women’s baseball in the world is much worse developed than men’s, so in the Games program it was replaced by softball, where injuries are much lower.
The baseball tournament will feature teams from Japan, Mexico, the Dominican Republic, Israel, South Korea and the United States. Japan, USA, Canada, Mexico, Italy and Australia will play in softball. Russia is not represented at the tournaments. The full schedule of the competition can be viewed here.
For a long time, karate was not included in the Olympics program due to the high injury rate of athletes. In addition, the inclusion in the program of the games was hampered by the presence in this sport of a huge number of styles and federations that are not unified as necessary for the acceptance of the sport into the list of Olympic sports. They wanted to include karate in the program of the 2012 Games, but then this issue was not voted on by the IOC. As a result, this sport was voted on by the executive committee only in 2017. At the same time, karate is included only in the program of this year’s Games.
At the Tokyo Olympics, a new type of martial arts is held in eight disciplines. In total, 80 athletes will take part in the competition, who will measure their strength in two varieties of karate – kumite and kata. Kumite is a duel in which strikes and techniques are evaluated. Kata is a non-contact performance where cleanliness and precision in the execution of movements are important. Three weight categories for women and men will compete in kumite. In kata 10 athletes will perform among women and men.
In karate, Russia will be represented by only one athlete – Anna Chernysheva, who will compete in the kumite discipline in the weight category up to 55 kg. The full schedule of the competition can be viewed here.
Basketball 3×3 or streetball was included in the list of the Olympic Games in 2017. As IOC President Thomas Bach said, “The Tokyo Olympics will be younger, more urban and more womens,” and this type of basketball is also very popular in Japan, where the world’s first professional 3×3 basketball league was born.
The difference between streetball and traditional basketball is that teams are played by three people in the starting lineup with one substitute, and the game itself takes place on the court with one basket. The main time lasts 10 minutes, there is one period and overtime is possible. The winner is the team that manages to score 21 points in regulation time. The competition regulations assume that teams will hold mini-tournaments, where each will play against each other. The two best teams immediately advance to the semi-finals, places 3-6 will play in the quarterfinals.
Russia is represented in streetball at the Olympics in both the men’s and women’s tournaments. Among men, Belgium, China, Latvia, the Netherlands, Poland, Serbia and Japan will also compete for medals. Among women – Italy, China, Mongolia, Romania, USA, France and Japan. The full schedule of the competition can be viewed here.
In addition, break dance was included in the program of the 2024 Summer Olympics in Paris. He was on the list of disciplines on a par with all those listed above, except for karate.
According to the regulations, 16 men and women will compete in one-on-one competitions.
For the first time, break dance was presented in the program of the 2018 Youth Olympics in Argentina. The gold medal was then won by the Russian Sergei Chernyshev.